The Kama Sutra is an ancient Indian text about sex written by Vatsyayana Mallanaga. Little is know about
Kama Sutra’s author, except that he lived sometime between the 1st to 6th centuries A.D. The Kama Sutra
teaches methods to maximize pleasure during lovemaking and is widely considered the standard work on love
in the Sanskrit literature. Kama Sutra focuses the spiritual as well as the physical aspects of lovemaking.
Vatsyayana believed there were eight ways of making love, which could be multiplied by eight positions, so the
Kama Sutra contains a total of 64 sexual positions. Kama Sutra positions are depicted as art and known as the
64 Arts. Only about 20 percent of the Kama Sutra is devoted to sexual positions, but the part listing sexual
positions, Book 2, is the most well-known. Book 2 of the Kama Sutra is very attentive to women's pleasure and
recognizes them as full, lusty participants in sex. The Kama Sutra urges men to learn ejaculatory control in
order to bring their women to orgasm.
Kama Sutra Terms
To the beginner, Kama Sutra can be a confusing guide to sexual positions. Once the basic terminology is
understood though, many Kama Sutra positions can be performed.
In Kama Sutra, the lingam or linga refers to the erect penis, while yoni refers to female genitalia.
Men are distinguished by three classes according to the size of his lingam: from smallest to largest, the hare,
the bull, and the horse.
Women are distinguished in the Kama Sutra by the depth of their yoni: from smallest to largest, deer, mare or
elephant. Congress is the term used for sexual intercourse.
The Kama Sutra also discusses three equal unions between couples with corresponding dimensions and six
unequal unions between couples without corresponding dimensions.
The force of passion is also detailed in the Kama Sutra. These forces of passion or desire are described as
small, middling or intense.
The Kama Sutra also describes three types of men and women according to time or the length of sex: the short-
timed, the moderate-timed, and the long-timed.
Kama Sutra also describes the acts of churning, rubbing, piercing and pressing
- Churning - when the lingam is held with the hand, and turned all round in the yoni
- Piercing – When the yoni is lowered and the upper part of it is struck with the lingam
- Rubbing - When the yoni is lowered and the lower part of it is struck with the lingam.
- Pressing - When the lingam presses the yoni for a long time
Kama Sutra Positions:
- Climbing of a Tree – In this Kama Sutra position, the woman places one foot on her lover and the other
on his thighs. She then wraps one arm around his back and the other on his shoulders.
- Splitting Bamboo - This sexual position requires the woman to lie on her back with one leg on the man’
s shoulder and the other leg straight out on the bed. ·
- Congress of a Cow - The woman gets on her hands and feet in the rear entry position. The man
mounts her like a bull and penetrates her from behind.
- The Yawning Position – The woman lies on her back with her legs spread open and palms face up.
The man is on his knees. As he penetrates he places his palms flat on hers.
- The Variant Yawning Position – The woman lies on her back with her legs on either side of the man’s
head, which allows for the deepest possible penetration. The inside of the man's elbows are behind the
woman's knees for this Kama Sutra position.
- The Wide Opened Position – The woman lies on her back, but raises her back to meet her partner.
The man goes between the woman and uses his palms to support himself.
- Indrani Position – The woman lies on her back with her knees tucked and pressed to her breasts. This
Kama Sutra position is considered the "Highest Congress" lovemaking because the vagina is fully open
ensuring maximum penetration.
- The Clasping Position – The woman lies on her back and the man lies on top of her placing himself
between her legs. The woman wraps her arms and legs around him creating a special feeling of intimacy
from the intertwining of limbs.
- Side-By-Side Clasping Position – The man and woman each lie on their side facing each other. Kama
Sutra recommends the man lie on his left side, while the woman lies on her right.
- Spinning Position – The woman sits on top of the man and takes care to maintain contact between the
Lingam and Yoni. She turns round and round like a wheel above him, swinging her body to create the
momentum. This is called the spinning top and can only be learned by practicing.
- Congress of the Crow – Also known as the 69 sexual position. Both individuals lie down so that each
person’s head is next to their partner’s genitalia, thus allowing them to orally stimulate each other’s
genitalia. It can be performed either side-by-side, or one partner can lie on top of the other.
- The Crab Position - the woman lies back, pulls up and contracts both legs placing her feet on the
region of her stomach. The man, on his knees, penetrates the woman from the side or behind.
- Turning Position ( Five Stages) - The woman lays on her back and the man lies on top of her placing
himself between her legs. Supporting himself with his arms, he begins to turn himself around, while
keeping the lingam inside the yoni, until he completes a full circle.
- Lotus Position - The man sits cross-legged in a yoga position. The woman sits on his lap and wraps
her legs around his waist as he places his hand on her shoulders. There is little need for movement in
this sexual position.
- Swing Position - the woman sits on top of the man who lifts up the middle part of his body. She then
turns around so her back is facing him and rocks backward and forward. This is called the swing.
- Elixir Sexual Position - The woman lies on her back as the man squats on both feet. He places both
hands under her lower back and pulls her to him as she grabs his neck. He can gently rock back and
forth in this sexual position.
- Pressed Position - the woman lies back, draws up her legs and places them in front of her lover's
chest. This is known as the pressed position.
For more information on Kama Sutra: www.kamasutra-sex.org or Anne Hooper’s KISS Guide to the Kama
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